The Coffee Crisis : Importance of Coffee to Ethiopia’s Wild Coffee Forests
Wild coffee trees are one of the major natural vegetation of Ethiopia's wild forest especially in the tropical forests of South Sudan and other parts of southern Ethiopia. To be accurate, these forests are the homeland of all the Arabica Coffee Tree growing around the world.
Though in some places, deforestation do happens because of the improper development of coffee farms that're lack of management and planning, it is an entirely different story in wild Ethiopian forests. The existence of wild coffee tree not only perform as a symbol of sustainability of the local forest, but a key to protect forest from deforestation.
Coffee is the most profitable vegetation from Ethiopia's humid forests, which protect the forest from the fate of being cleared for agriculture of non-forest plants like corn for cattle. Reserved forests like Kaffa, Yayu and Harenna are also home of large numbers of native animals, insects, plants and fungal species. Coffee protect these forests while these lands give coffee the fundamental conditions for optimum growth. The micro-environment of perfect temperatures and humidity, rich moisture-retaining soil, and an ample supply of pollinators. These environment also bring locals plenty of honey, spices, and other plant products from the forest to harvest.
However, despite the many benefits of Ethiopia’s coffee forest reserves bring, there are number of factors that threaten their survival, other than global climate change, changing land-use is another most immediate one.